Claiming a tax deduction for expenses for a home-based business
If you operate some or all of your business from your home, you may be able to claim tax deductions.
If you operate some or all of your business from your home, you may be able to claim tax deductions for home-based business expenses in the following categories:
- occupancy expenses (such as mortgage interest or rent, council rates, land taxes, house insurance premiums)
- running expenses (such as electricity, phone, decline in value of plant and equipment, furniture and furnishing repairs, cleaning)
- the expenses of motor vehicle trips between your home and other locations, if the travel is for business purposes.
There are recent changes to claiming your tax deductions:
- temporary shortcut method – from 1 March 2020 to 30 June 2022, you may have the option of an all-inclusive 80 cents per work hour temporary shortcut method
- tax depreciation incentives – you may be eligible for an immediate deduction or an accelerated rate of depreciation under one of the tax depreciation incentives (such as temporary full expensing).
When you sell your home, you may have to pay capital gains tax (CGT). It's important to keep the right records to work out your deductions or CGT.
If you’re entitled to goods and services tax (GST) input tax credits, you must claim your deduction in your income tax return at the GST exclusive amount.
What a home-based business is
A home-based business is one where your home is also your principal place of business. That is, you run your business at or from home, and have a room or space set aside exclusively for business activities.
A home-based business can be run:
- at home – that is, you do most of the work at your home. An example is a dressmaker who does all their work at home, with clients coming to their home for fittings.
- from home – that is, your business doesn't own or rent a separate premise. An example is a tiler who does all their work on clients' premises, but does all their record keeping, and stores all their tools and supplies, at home.
If your home is not your principal (or main) place of business but you do some work from home, you may still be able to claim a deduction for some of your expenses relating to the area you use.
Bed and breakfast operator, caterer, campground owner
Agriculture, forestry and
Shearer, market gardener
Mail service provider, web designer, desktop publisher, graphic designer
Bricklayer, plumber, carpenter, tiler, fencer, electrician,
builder, engineer, draftsperson, cabinetmaker, woodworker
Cultural and recreational
Film editor, sound recordist, artist, musician, piano tuner
Tutor, lecturer, music teacher
Finance and insurance
Financial adviser, consultant, accountant, bookkeeper, insurance broker
Health and community
Dietician, chiropractor, counsellor, physiotherapist, psychologist, massage therapist
Personal and other services
Personal trainer, photographer, hairdresser, beautician,
child-minder, dressmaker, event manager, cake decorator, jeweller, pet groomer
Property and business
Plant hire or leasing operator, architect, surveyor, interior decorator,house painter,
cleaner, gardener, service and repair operator, sign-writer, tree lopper
Transport and storage
Courier, freight carrier, removalist
Wholesale and retail trade
Fresh fruit wholesaler, confectionery supplier,
florist, watchmaker, party-plan operator, telemarketer